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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

88                           BYZANTINE CHURCHES                       CHAP.
According to the biographer of S. Stephen the Younger^ who enumerates the six ecumenical councils5 and indicates, in most caseSj where each met3 that famous Council met in the church of S. Irene.1 , But Theodore Lector2 says the Council assembled in the church of Homonoia^ and explains the name of that church as commemorative of the harmony which prevailed among the bishops who gathered there on that occasion. As a matter of fact, one of the churches of the city bore the name Homonoia,8 Possibly the discrepancy between the statements of the authors just mentioned may be due to a confusion arising from a similar meaning of the names of the two churches.
According to the Anonymus/ the usurper Basiliscus took refuge with his wife and children in S. Irene, when he was overthrown in 47 7> and the Emperor Zeno recovered the throne. But, according to the Paschal Chronicle* Basiliscus fled on that occasion to the great baptistery of S. Sophia. As that baptistery stood between S Irene and S* Sophia and may have served both churches^ the difference between the two statements is not serious.
After standing for two centuries the Constantinian edifice was burnt to the ground by the fire which the rebel factions in the Nika Riot set to the offices of the prefect on Friday^ the 16th of January 532. The building had narrowly escaped the same fate in the fire which destroyed S. Sophia earlier in the course of the riot5 and might have survived also the conflagration in which it actually perished, but for the strong wind which carried the flames from the praetorium to the church, devouring on their way the bath of Alexander, a part of the hospice of Eubulus, and the hospital of Sampson with its patients.
The  restoration of the  church  was   included  in   the
1  Fita S. Stepkani Junioris, Migne, P.G. 100, col, 1144, ij Sevrfya to KrXct to rf ya<? TTJS aylas Wpfivys,
2  Theodore Lector, ed. Valesius (1748), p. 533.    Eutychius afflicted by the divine anger went & rf etfcrye? etitcrujplqi v0a wew/errevrflu &vairatfe<r0ai fjtdpas lepQv \et,\l/&vun> r&v 6e<fw(rl(av Havra\4ovros Kal ~M.aplvovt 4TnKa\ovfj.4vov rov rbirov *0/t6j>oia e/c TOU IKI <rwe\66pran roi)s ^Karbv vevriffKovra, tirurKfoovs M BeoSocrtov rov fieyd\ov jSacriX^ws.    The passage is preserved in John Damascene, De imaginibusy book iii.
3  Notitia,   Regio   nona*,    *continet   in    se   ecclesias   duas,    Cenopolim    et Omonaeam.*                     4 Banduri, ii. p. 25.                     5 Ad annum 478*